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genetic engineering

/dʒəˌnɛtɪk ɛndʒəˈnɪərɪŋ/ (say juh.netik enjuh'nearring)

the modification of an organism's genes through the direct isolation and transference of DNA material from one organism to another.
genetically engineered, adjective
Early genetic engineering was used to produce synthetic human insulin from bacteria. The concept was further developed with the identification of a cold-resistant gene in fish that could be inserted into plants such as tomatoes to help resist damaging frost. Many claims are made for its use in agriculture including less pesticide use, lower labour costs, better food quality, and increased ability of crops to withstand environmental stresses such as drought and salinity. The possibility of corporate distortion of outcomes must be considered.
There is resistance to genetic engineering from particular sectors of consumers and of growers. For growers, it stems from possibilities of genetic pollution or unintended crossing of genetically modified crops with other crops and potential liability incurred. Some consumers will actively avoid genetically modified products. There is concern in some scientific circles that new and harmful transgenic species could be produced either unintentionally or deliberately. In short, the adherents of genetic engineering claim a brave new world; its critics claim possible irretrievable environmental damage.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Genetic engineering — Genetic engineering, recombinant DNA technology, genetic modification/manipulation (GM) and gene splicing are terms that apply to the direct manipulation of an organism s genes. [cite web url=http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Genetic%20engine… …   Wikipedia

  • genetic engineering — genetic engineer. Genetics. 1. the development and application of scientific methods, procedures, and technologies that permit direct manipulation of genetic material in order to alter the hereditary traits of a cell, organism, or population. 2.… …   Universalium

  • genetic engineering — ➔ engineering * * * genetic engineering UK US noun [U] (also genetic modification) PRODUCTION ► the science of changing the structure of genes, used especially in developing new food products and in medicine …   Financial and business terms

  • genetic engineering — The human manipulation of the genetic material of a cell. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005. genetic engineering The human manipulation of the genetic material of a cell …   Law dictionary

  • genetic engineering — en jə nir iŋ n the group of applied techniques of genetics and biotechnology used to cut up and join together genetic material and esp. DNA from one or more species of organism and to introduce the result into an organism in order to change one o …   Medical dictionary

  • genetic engineering — ► NOUN ▪ the deliberate modification of an organism by manipulating its genetic material …   English terms dictionary

  • genetic engineering — n. the branch of biology dealing with the splicing and recombining of specific genetic units from the DNA of living organisms as in order to produce new species or biochemicals …   English World dictionary

  • genetic engineering — genetic engineering. См. генная инженерия. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Genetic Engineering —   [dʒɪ netɪk endʒɪ nɪərɪȖ, englisch] das, (s), die gezielte Genumwandlung mit gentechnischen Methoden. (Gentechnologie) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • genetic engineering — N UNCOUNT Genetic engineering is the science or activity of changing the genetic structure of an animal, plant, or other organism in order to make it stronger or more suitable for a particular purpose. Scientists have used genetic engineering to… …   English dictionary

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